- What is the purpose of the tail rotor?
- What’s the difference between true wind and apparent wind?
- What are the 3 types of helicopter tail rotor?
- What is resultant relative wind?
- What is relative wind velocity?
- What are the 3 different regions for autorotation in order?
- What is Autorotate?
- Is always parallel to the relative wind velocity?
- Why are landing skids mainly used?
- What are the four forces of flight?
- What happens to the airflow over the top of the wing if the angle between the chord line and relative wind becomes too high or great?
- What is relative direction of wind?
- Is relative wind always horizontal?
- Why are military helicopters flying over my house 2020?
- Are helicopters safer than planes?
- Why is apparent wind important?
- Can helicopters fly without tail rotor?
What is the purpose of the tail rotor?
A helicopter tail rotor serves two essential functions.
It provides a counteracting force to the helicopter’s main rotor; without the sideways thrust produced by the tail rotor, the torque generated by the main rotor would spin the helicopter’s body in the opposite direction..
What’s the difference between true wind and apparent wind?
True wind speed, sometimes known as ground wind, is the actual speed of the wind as it passes over land or the surface of the sea, assuming no tidal flow. … Apparent wind speed is the wind you ‘feel’ on you as you sail.
What are the 3 types of helicopter tail rotor?
Main rotor systems are classified according to how the main rotor blades are attached and move relative to the main rotor hub. There are three basic classifications: semirigid, rigid, or fully articulated. Some modern rotor systems, such as the bearingless rotor system, use an engineered combination of these types.
What is resultant relative wind?
Resultant relative wind is angle airflow at the rotor blades considering rotational relative wind and induced flow. When at a hover in a calm, no-wind condition, resultant relative wind is the combination of rotational relative wind and induced flow.
What is relative wind velocity?
Relative wind is defined as the airflow relative to an airfoil: … Relative wind flows in the opposite direction that the hand is moving. The velocity of airflow around the hand in motion is the hand’s airspeed.
What are the 3 different regions for autorotation in order?
Autorotational regions During vertical autorotation, the rotor disc is divided into three regions—the driven region, the driving region, and the stall region.
What is Autorotate?
Autorotation is a condition of helicopter flight during which the main rotor of a helicopter is driven only by aerodynamic forces with no power from the engine. It is a manoeuvre where the engine is disengaged from the main rotor system and the rotor blades are driven solely by the upward flow of air through the rotor.
Is always parallel to the relative wind velocity?
The lift force always acts perpendicular to the relative wind and the drag force always acts parallel and in the same direction as the relative wind. These forces are actually the components that produce a resulting lift force on the wing.
Why are landing skids mainly used?
Skids are used mainly because they weigh less than wheels. … If the primary mission is medevac or air transport, retractable wheels allow greater speed and increased fuel economy over long distances. So the main factor is one of simplicity, a skid landing gear needs very little maintenance but there is a drawback.
What are the four forces of flight?
These same four forces help an airplane fly. The four forces are lift, thrust, drag, and weight.
What happens to the airflow over the top of the wing if the angle between the chord line and relative wind becomes too high or great?
The angle between the chord line and the relative wind is the angle of attack. As the angle of attack increases, the lift on the wing increases. If the angle of attack becomes too great, the airflow can separate from the wing and the lift will be destroyed. When this occurs, a condition known as a stall takes place.
What is relative direction of wind?
In aeronautics, the relative wind is the direction of movement of the atmosphere relative to an aircraft or an airfoil. It is opposite to the direction of movement of the aircraft or airfoil relative to the atmosphere. … The angle between the chord line of an airfoil and the relative wind defines the angle of attack.
Is relative wind always horizontal?
The direction the wind strikes an airfoil. If a wing moves forward horizontally, the relative wind moves backward horizontally. Relative wind is parallel to and opposite the flightpath of the airplane. The wind with reference to a moving point.
Why are military helicopters flying over my house 2020?
TLDR – The most common reason why military helicopters may fly over residential properties is training. The home is likely in the flight path of the military’s training operations, which typically means that a military base or facility is nearby.
Are helicopters safer than planes?
Helicopter rides are significantly riskier than commercial airline flights, but not as dangerous as a trip on a personal plane. And some trips — like personal or private helicopter rides — are far more likely than others to end in a fatal accident.
Why is apparent wind important?
Apparent wind is important to sailors in order to set sail angle with respect to the wind and to anticipate how much power the wind will generate on a point of sail. … This must be corrected for when converting apparent wind angle to true wind direction. The same effect is found when the craft is altering course.
Can helicopters fly without tail rotor?
Without the tail rotor or other anti-torque mechanisms (e.g. NOTAR), the helicopter would be constantly spinning in the opposite direction of the main rotor when flying. … About 10% of the engine power goes to the tail rotor.